To get to the shepherds ‘ cats of the livestock farm “Jeyhun” of the Sayat etrap, you need to go deep into the Karakum mountains. And although the car on the off-road sharply throws up and down and you have to hold on to everything with both hands all the time, you still pay attention to how beautiful the desert is. Her boundless expanse of yellow-gray sand dunes reminiscent of the big waves. And various shrubs, sand Acacias, thanks to the current long rainy spring, continue to preserve more than a few colors
When we drove up to the family shepherd’s cat of Karilga Amankulova, we saw from a distance how the camels themselves slowly return from the Sands. It is known from special literature that they are extremely unpretentious animals. Because of their exceptional endurance and adaptability to different temperatures, unlike sheep, they are able to go far into the desert and change grazing zones, and are not so demanding on the quality of grass. Their main food is ephemera and other desert plants. Camels are kept in the pastures all year round. Only in winter, when a lot of snow falls and everything is covered with a thick layer around them, they have to be fed on cats with previously stored rough food, primarily yandak.
Karilga Amankulova was in a good mood, because she, along with her nearest neighbor in the pasture and also an experienced shepherd Saparkuly Byashimov, completed a year-long task with her sons-assistants to get the offspring. In total, 279 heads of fast-growing cute babies were added to the herds of the “Jeyhun” livestock farm, which are already grazed together with adult animals.
Later, our journalistic group saw the milking of a camel. We were also treated to the famous chal, which has long been considered a healing drink with a pleasant thirst-quenching taste. As you know, it is a product of lactic acid and alcohol fermentation, has a positive effect on lung and gastrointestinal diseases, contains vitamins A, B and C, has a tonic property. here it is necessary to add that camels after the birth of their offspring are lactated for 16-18 months, giving daily from three to twelve liters of milk with a fat content of 4 percent or more. And here, private producers can have their say in the export, packaging and timely implementation of chal.
In addition to the healing drink, camels of the common one-hump arvana breed are able to give delicious and also environmentally friendly meat. Moreover, at the age of two years, males reach a live weight of four hundred kilograms, where the slaughter yield of meat with fat is about half of the named figure.
Camel hair is a source of additional income and a valuable raw material for the textile industry. According to its technological properties, it is better than sheep’s, it is soft, light and durable.in the Turkmen people, from time immemorial, it is used to make the sacred sachak. The best fleece – that which is cut for the first time from yearling camels, goes to the highest grades of cloth and worsted fabrics, for the manufacture of upper knitwear.
For the maintenance of camels, no capital buildings are required, just agilas and so-called calms, usually arranged from large shrubs. The costs are mainly necessary to provide each herd with its own well with drinkable slightly salted water, fed up by a tractor engine into a capacious container-a Gaudan and then by means of a gate into a reinforced concrete tray. The approximate capacity of sand pastures per adult animal is 30 hectares. Given our Karakum and somewhat smaller Kyzylkum expanses, the opportunities for further development of this industry are great. Suffice it to say that 90 percent of the land in Lebap alone is desert with a dominant landscape formation.
In velayat there is also a second specialized camel farm “Serdar” of the Chardjev etrap. It also completed the task of getting offspring this spring, the increase in the herds was 132 camels. In this overall success of the significant contribution of experienced shepherds Suburbia charyeva and more rubies elemesova.
In total, there are 2707 heads of unpretentious and valuable animals in the Eastern region of the country. To further increase them, according to experts, it is necessary to expand the area and capacity of driving pastures by watering and sowing seeds of wild shrubs, the introduction of science-based schemes of pasture turnover. It is also necessary to continue to improve the Arvan breed locally, not only by popular selection, but also by acquiring elite male producers in breeding farms. It is necessary to increase the proportion of Queens in the structure of the herd and the level of veterinary services.
All these measures will help to increase the volume of valuable livestock products. This is the goal of domestic charvardars at a working meeting on further development of the country’s agriculture, held on March 30 By President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov.