The museum in Turkmenabad was opened on September 15, 2011.   In the three-storey building of the museum with a total area of ​​more than 8 thousand square meters there are 5 exhibition halls, as well as storage facilities for exhibits, a conference room, and office facilities. White and colored granite were used in the exterior and interior of the building.

The museum holds more than 20 thousand exhibits telling about the history, culture and life of the population in the eastern region of the country. On the ground floor there are halls of archeology and ethnography, where ancient instruments of labor, samples of ceramics, household items, jewelry, ancient coins, and musical instruments are exhibited.

On the second floor there are halls of natural history and visual arts. Here you can get acquainted with the paintings of Turkmen artists, telling about a variety of historical events that took place on the Turkmen land, hand-made carpets and tapestries, sculptural works. All kinds of flora and fauna of Turkmenistan are demonstrated in the hall of natural history.

The original open-air museums are also the territories of ancient settlements – Nisa, Ancient Merv, Kunyaurgench, Atamyrat, Ancient Dehistan, Old Serakhs, Abiverd and Geoktepinsk fortress, declared state historical and cultural reserves.

Turkmenistan has consistently adopted a whole package of documents aimed at developing the museum business and preserving cultural values. Among them are the laws: “On the protection of historical and cultural monuments of Turkmenistan”, “On museums and museum business”, “On the protection and export of movable cultural values”, and today work is underway to further improve national legislation in this area. The state policy in the field of the development of museology is determined by the presence in Turkmenistan of a significant amount of historical and cultural values ​​of national and universal significance.