Employees of the Amu Darya state nature reserve are working systematically to preserve and restore the ecosystems of the middle reaches of the Amu Darya and the surrounding areas of the desert. It was created in 1982. It is located in the North-Eastern part of the Lebap velayat of Turkmenistan on the territory of the Darganat, Deynu and Farab etraps. It also includes separate sections. Its area is 48.3 thousand hectares. The reserve is managed by the Kelifsky state nature reserve. Its area is 103 thousand hectares. It is located on the territory of the halach and Kerkin etraps. It was established in order to protect one of the southernmost wetland bird wintering areas in Turkmenistan and the entire natural complex of the Kelif lakes.
The composition of the Amudarya state nature reserve includes areas of the water area of the Amu Darya river, the riparian and desert Kyzyl Kum. Most of the reserve’s territory is flat-desert ecosystems.